Louis Rezac

Louis Rezac (Hakijamii - the Economics and Social Rights Centre): Louis received a B.S. in Geology from the University of South Dakota. After graduating, he worked for the Peace Corps as an agricultural extension agent in Mali, Africa. In Mali, Louis worked with a women’s association on small business projects, and secured a grant for a men’s association to sell locally-grown garden seeds. After returning from the Peace Corps, Louis worked for a geological testing company, Geotesting Express.

Two Worlds, One Nairobi

14 Jun

My first week in Nairobi was a blur of traffic, exhaust, and crowded streets.  My first thoughts were on how much more developed Nairobi was than Bamako, Mali (I spent a little over two years as a Peace Corps volunteer in Mali.).  Everyone seemed to be driving a car and wearing a suit.  While looking for a secure apartment Christy (my fiancé and colleague) and I found that the rent was as much as where we live in the U.S.

We met with the Hakijamii; the organization we would be interning for.  They help connect grassroots human rights organizations so that they can come together and clearly articulate their problems to the government.  During our first week we visited two people’s settlements (slums).  They were a stark contrast to downtown Nairobi.  While downtown Nairobi has high rise buildings and clean wide streets and sidewalks, the people’s settlements have tiny mud houses and sewage running down narrow dirt paths (See pictures above and below). I had always heard about the inequality in Kenya, but you need to see it in person to truly appreciate the injustice.

On a visit to Korogocho people’s settlement we saw the Dandora dump (located inside Korogocho).    The government is currently trying to clean up and move the dump to a new location.  The 30-acre dump takes garbage that includes industrial and medical waste. A U.N. study found high levels of lead, mercury and cadmium at the site and surrounding slums in eastern Nairobi.

Another study was done to see if these high levels of toxins were affecting the local population.   328 children had their blood tested to evaluate the level of toxins.  The results showed that half of the children tested exceeded the internationally accepted level of  lead concentrations in their blood. Most of them suffer respiratory problems.

Cleaning up and moving the dump sounds great until you realize many people in Korogocho earn a living by selling things they find in the dump.  We met one woman who was washing used plastic bags, collected from the dump, in the polluted Nairobi River to resell (See pic below).  She explained that she would rather earn a living selling used plastic bags than become a prostitute like many women in her situation do.  While the dump is unsanitary and leads to many problems in the settlement it also provides income for many of the residents.  If the dump moves many of these people will lose their means of income.

Proponents of the move and clean up said that they would employ the people already working in the dumps to clean it up and will build a modern recycling facility which will later employ these same people working to clean up the site.  The problem is that many of the promises made are not kept.  We talked to some young men who were helping with the clean-up.  They told us that they started the cleanup, but they had stopped because they were not being paid.

On Friday we went out to a bar with a Kenyan friend to celebrate the start of the world cup.  After being in the people’s settlement earlier that day it was shocking to be in a bar watching a game on a large flat screen TV while drinking a beer.  The beer cost two dollars, more than the woman washing trash bags could earn in a whole day.  The bar was packed full of working Kenyan’s drinking and enjoying the night.  I wondered how this could be?  How can these two different worlds exist so close to one another?

Posted By Louis Rezac

Posted Jun 14th, 2010


  • JSR

    June 15, 2010


    The woman cleaning plastic bags in the polluted river looks happier than most of the people I see everyday in America.

    • Louis Rezac

      June 16, 2010


      The picture on the blog was taken from an interview, done in Swahili, by Marcy ,a community officer for Hakijamii. I was filming. We are going to edit the interview and put in subtitles soon. Hopefully, I will get it posted in the blog by next week.

  • David Rezac

    June 17, 2010


    Sounds like there are mixed feelings about moving the dump. Interestingly, it reminds me of the debate going on over the gulf oil spill. Some people say we should stop drilling due to the potential for environmental pollution and disasters, but others say that will cost jobs. I struggled with this until I realized oil spills create jobs too. I think jobs come second when they result from a business or industry that is poisoning people and the environment. If mankind adopts the opposite view, the world is going to become one large garbage dump pretty quickly.

  • alice doty

    June 17, 2010


    this is so sad , and where do they getmedical help. take care and keeep sending pic.

  • bdr

    June 23, 2010


    don’t you think the people that make there living reselling the garbage will just relocate to the new dump location anyway. They should just concentrate their efforts on seperating the toxic garbage and leave the rest alone. That way everyone wins.

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